Purpose of review The incidence of patellar instability in pediatric patients ranges is 50-100 in 100,000 patients per year. Risk of recurrent dislocations however has been cited from 8.6% to 88% depending on individual patient factors. This manuscript highlights the demographical, historical, and anatomic factors associated with recurrent patellar instability following a first-time patella dislocation in the pediatric population. Recent findings In recent years, various studies have focused on identifying risk factors for recurrent patellar instability following a primary patellar dislocation. A mix of patient factors, including age of first dislocation, patella alta, elevated tibial tubercle to trochlear groove and trochlear dysplasia have all been noted in the literature, which have helped to develop various scoring tools to predict recurrent dislocation following nonoperative treatment. Summary Risk of recurrent patellar instability in patients who have previously suffered a patellar dislocation can be due to many factors. These risk factors should be used and applied to a variety of risk scores in order to provide physicians and healthcare providers with a tool to counsel patients and families on their patellar redislocation risk and help guide further management.
- Patellar dislocation
- Patellar instability
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health