Pathogenesis and Management of Dialysis Access Infections

Hariharan Regunath, Venkatesh Kumar Ariyamuthu, Kunal Chaudhary

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Infections related to dialysis access devices are a common cause of morbidity and mortality in dialysis dependent end-stage renal disease patients. Catheter related blood stream infections and their related complications in hemodialysis, and peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis are a significant threat to the continued use of the respective dialysis access devices. They lead to interruption of regular dialysis, increased hospitalization rates and health care costs for their management. The incidence of infectious complications can be decreased as the factors that confer an increased risk of such access device infections are potentially modifiable. This chapter discusses the epidemiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, clinical manifestations, treatment and prevention of both hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis access device related infectious complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMicrobiology for Surgical Infections
Subtitle of host publicationDiagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages135-152
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780124116290
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Access device infection
  • Catheter infection
  • Dialysis
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Line sepsis
  • Peritonitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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