Patient characteristics, care patterns, and outcomes of atrial fibrillation associated hospitalizations in patients with chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease

Nilay Kumar, Haolin Xu, Neetika Garg, Ambarish Pandey, Roland A. Matsouaka, Michael E. Field, Mintu P. Turakhia, Jonathan P. Piccini, William R. Lewis, Gregg C. Fonarow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are associated with poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. There is a paucity of contemporary data on in-hospital outcomes and care patterns of atrial fibrillation (AF) associated hospitalizations CKD and ESRD. METHODS: Outcomes and care patterns were evaluated in GWTG-AFIB database (Jan 2013-Dec 2018), including in-hospital mortality, use of a rhythm control strategy, and oral anticoagulation (OAC) prescription at discharge among eligible patients. Generalized logistic regression models with generalized estimating equations were used to ascertain differences in outcomes. Hospital-level variation in OAC prescription and rhythm control was also evaluated. RESULTS: Among 50,154 patients from 105 hospitals the median age was 70 years (interquartile range 61-79) and 47.3% were women. The prevalence of CKD was 36.0% while that of ESRD was 1.6%. Among eligible patients, discharge OAC prescription rates were 93.6% for CKD and 89.1% for ESRD. After adjustment, CKD and ESRD were associated with higher in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 3.08, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57-6.03 for ESRD and OR 2.02, 95% CI 1.52-2.67 for CKD), lower odds of OAC prescription at discharge (OR 0.59, 95% CI 0.44-0.79 for ESRD and OR 0.84, 95% CI 0.75-0.94 for CKD) compared with normal renal function. CKD was associated with lower utilization of rhythm control strategy (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.87-0.98) with no significant difference between ESRD and normal renal function (OR 1.32, 95% CI 0.79-1.11). There was large hospital-level variation in OAC prescription at discharge (MOR 2.34, 95% CI 2.05-2.76) and utilization of a rhythm control strategy (MOR 2.69, 95% CI 2.34-3.21). CONCLUSIONS: CKD/ESRD is associated with higher in-hospital mortality, less frequent rhythm control, and less OAC prescription among patients hospitalized for AF. There is wide hospital-level variation in utilization of a rhythm control strategy and OAC prescription at discharge highlighting potential opportunities to improve care and outcomes for these patients, and better define standards of care in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-60
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican heart journal
Volume242
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Outcomes Research
  • hospitalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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