Patient-derived cancer organoids for precision oncology treatment

Mark N. Pernik, Cylaina E. Bird, Jeffrey I. Traylor, Diana D. Shi, Timothy E. Richardson, Samuel McBrayer, Kalil G. Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The emergence of three-dimensional human organoids has opened the door for the development of patient-derived cancer organoid (PDO) models, which closely recapitulate parental tumor tissue. The mainstays of preclinical cancer modeling include in vitro cell lines and patient-derived xenografts, but these models lack the cellular heterogeneity seen in human tumors. Moreover, xenograft establishment is resource and time intensive, rendering these models difficult to use to inform clinical trials and decisions. PDOs, however, can be created efficiently and retain tumor-specific properties such as cellular heterogeneity, cell–cell and cell–stroma interactions, the tumor microenvironment, and therapeutic responsiveness. PDO models and drug-screening protocols have been described for several solid tumors and, more recently, for gliomas. Since PDOs can be developed in clinically relevant time frames and share many characteristics of parent tumors, they may enhance the ability to provide precision oncologic care for patients. This review explores the current literature on cancer organoids, highlighting the history of PDO development, organoid models of glioma, and potential clinical applications of PDOs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number423
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • Oncology
  • Organoid
  • Precision medicine
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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