Patient-initiated therapy for recurrent genital herpetic infections

André Nahmias, Georgia Kerrick, Harry L. Keyserling, Gray Davis, James Alexander, Lawrence Corey, Virgil Hatcher, James Luby, John Mills, Stephen Sacks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Therapy for recurrent genital herpes is difficult to evaluate because of the short duration of lesions and viral shedding. Very early treatment, however, can be begun by patients who experience prodromes before onset of lesions. We have found prodromes to occur in 73 percent of male and 84 percent of female patients; 57 percent of the men and 68 percent of the women experienced prodromes in at least three out of every four recurrent episodes. Variables that might affect results of such a patient-initiated study evaluating topical acyclovir included: application of the ointment (drug or placebo) without prodrome (10 percent); the possibility of a false prodrome (<- 10 percent); long intervals between experiencing a prodrome and ointment application (15 percent > 24 hours); the inability to sense a prodrome during sleep; lack of ointment application to the involved areas with initial or later lesions (approximately 15 percent); noncompliance of enrollees in returning for study evaluations (≥ 10 percent). Such variables will need to be considered when the code is broken in this multicenter study, as well as for patient-initiated studies with other formulations of acyclovir or with other drugs. Earlier negative studies with other agents given within two to three days of appearance of lesions might also require reevaluation with similar patient-initiated studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)342-346
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Medicine
Volume73
Issue number1 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Nahmias, A., Kerrick, G., Keyserling, H. L., Davis, G., Alexander, J., Corey, L., Hatcher, V., Luby, J., Mills, J., & Sacks, S. (1982). Patient-initiated therapy for recurrent genital herpetic infections. The American Journal of Medicine, 73(1 PART 1), 342-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-9343(82)90120-6