Background: Major bleeding during an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with increased late ischemic events. Patients with bleeding are often discharged without antiplatelet therapy (AT). The association between discharge AT use and late ischemic outcomes among ACS patients with bleeding is uncertain. Methods: We examined discharge AT use among 8,582 ACS patients with in-hospital bleeding from a total of 26,451 patients enrolled in 4 randomized trials. After adjusting for the propensity to receive AT, we compared 6-month postdischarge outcomes between patients discharged with and those discharged without AT. Results: Almost 1 in 10 patients with bleeding was discharged without AT (n = 826). Compared with those receiving discharge AT, those not receiving discharge AT had a higher risk of 6-month death, myocardial infarction, and stroke (14.3% vs 7.8%, propensity-adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.36, 95% confidence interval = 1.01-1.85). Nonuse of AT at discharge was associated with worse outcomes among patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention compared with those treated without it (adjusted HR = 4.22 vs 1.13, interaction P = .0003). Discharge monotherapy was associated with worse outcomes than dual AT among patients receiving stents (adjusted HR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.04-3.03). Conclusions: Bleeding occurred commonly among patients with ACS. AT was often not used in these patients at discharge, and lack of discharge AT was associated with an increased risk of 6-month ischemic events. These data raise the possibility that lack of AT use among patients with in-hospital bleeding may contribute to their excess risk of long-term ischemic outcomes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine