Patterns of multiple substance abuse during pregnancy: Implications for mother and fetus

B. B. Little, L. M. Snell, L. D. Gilstrap, W. L. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes patterns of drug use such as choice of drug, other substances abused, and route of administration in 174 women who reported methamphetamine, cocaine, heroin, or “Ts and blues” abuse during pregnancy. Seventy-five percent (130/174) reported using more than one drug. Other than tobacco, alcohol and cocaine were the drugs most frequently used in combination with other drugs (7% to 53% and 12% to 54% of the time, respectively). The extent of polydrug use observed in this study emphasizes (1) the difficulty in ascribing adverse maternal or fetal health effects to single substances, and (2) the potential for interaction effects due to multiple substance abuse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)507-509
Number of pages3
JournalSouthern medical journal
Volume83
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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