PD-L1 Expression in Endometrial Serous Carcinoma and Its Prognostic Significance

Tao Zhang, Qin Liu, Yingfan Zhu, Songfa Zhang, Qiaohua Peng, Amanda Louise Strickland, Wenxin Zheng, Feng Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been widely used as a prognostic biomarker and an immunotherapeutic target in numerous cancers, but information on the clinical significance of its expression in endometrial serous carcinoma (ESC) is largely lacking. Here, we evaluate the predictive value of PD-L1 expression in ESC. Materials and Methods: A total of 79 cases of ESC accessioned between January 2003 and September 2015 were selected for further analysis. PD-L1 expression was evaluated in whole tissue sections of these cases by using the tumor proportion score (TPS, cut-off 1%) and combined positive score (CPS, cut-off 1) scoring methods. Results: Overall, there was a heterogeneous expression of PD-L1, focal or patchy, in ESCs. PD-L1 positivity was observed in 43.0% of ESCs by TPS and 73.4% of ESCs by CPS. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis showed that patients with PD-L1-positive tumors suffered significantly worse OS and PFS, when compared with PD-L1 negative tumors (log-rank p = 0.037 and p = 0.003, respectively). In contrast, PD-L1 positivity by CPS within the ESC cases showed no statistical significance for OS and PFS (log-rank p = 0.720 and p = 0.928, respectively). Multivariate Cox analysis showed that PD-L1 positivity by TPS was significantly associated with PFS (HR = 1.921, p = 0.039) but not OS (HR = 1.229, p = 0.631). Conclusion: PD-L1 expression is frequently found in ESC, suggesting a potential role of the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway as a potential therapeutic target for these tumors. PD-L1 expression by TPS also serves as a negative prognostic marker in ESC and implies an unfavorable outcome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9157-9165
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Management and Research
Volume13
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Endometrial cancer
  • Endometrial serous carcinoma
  • Immune therapy
  • PD-L1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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