Pediatric adenoidectomy in the very young child and indications for postoperative inpatient admission

Stephen R. Chorney, Julia F. Dailey, Karen B. Zur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the rate of significant respiratory events following adenoidectomy in young patients and to identify factors that would prompt inpatient admission postoperatively. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of consecutive adenoidectomy surgeries at a high-volume, tertiary-care children's hospital between 2016 and 2018. Children under 3.5 years of age who had surgery for obstructive symptoms were included. Patients were grouped by age (youngest ≤1.5 years, middle 1.6–2.5 years, and oldest 2.6–3.5 years). We excluded patients having revision surgery, a concomitant tonsillectomy, or additional major surgical procedure. Results: There were 353 patients that met inclusion criteria. The three age groups were similar with respect to all characteristics except age (p < .001), body mass index (p < .001), and percentage of Black or African American children (p = .02). Patients under 1.5 years more often had preoperative polysomnography (p = .02) with a lower oxygen saturation nadir (p = .04), and were more likely to have surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (p < .001). No differences were found between age groups with respect to recovery room issues, nurse triage calls, or readmissions within 30 days of surgery. An elective admission rate in the cohort was 35.1%, and this was age-group dependent with 79.5% of the youngest group being admitted (p < .001). On admission, 16.9% of all patients had admission events requiring positive pressure support, intensive care unit admission, or prolonged hospitalization, which was similar across all age groups (p = .67). Events were more common in younger patients (17 mos. vs 20 mos., p = .07), those with more comorbidities (74.8% vs 51.5%, p = .06) and significantly higher in those with severe preoperative polysomnogram variables (p < .001). Based on multivariate regression analysis, younger children (OR: 13.7, 95% CI: 6.5 - 29.0, p < .001) or children with an AHI over 5 events/hr (OR: 32.3, 95% CI: 3.4 - 303.2, p = .005) were more likely to have significant events on admission. Conclusions: Significant respiratory events are uncommon after adenoidectomy for obstructive symptoms, even in very young children. However, for children under 1.5 years of age or those with AHI scores above 5 events/hr, postoperative admission for monitoring is recommended. Clinical judgement should be used when considering outpatient surgery for older children or those with comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109796
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adenoidectomy
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Outpatient
  • Postoperative complications
  • Sleep disordered breathing
  • Sleep medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pediatric adenoidectomy in the very young child and indications for postoperative inpatient admission'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this