PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to summarize literature in pediatric burn resuscitation and management that is relevant to the pediatric anesthesiologist. The scope of the literature is expanding as long-term survival in even the most critically ill, burn-injured children has increased. RECENT FINDINGS: Longstanding variations in the care of burn-injured children exist despite decades of experience in burn care management. There seems to be a discomfort outside major burn centers in the triage, evaluation, and assessment of burned children. This is evidenced by the prevalence of 'unnecessary intubations', continued overestimation of total body surface area injured, and subsequent fluid administration disproportionate to injury leading to over-resuscitation. Techniques, such as virtual reality and regional anesthesia are increasingly available and serve adjuncts to pharmacologic therapies for anxiolysis and analgesia. Such techniques reduce opioid utilization while maintaining patient comfort and satisfaction particularly during wound dressing changes. Questions about transfusion threshold and ratio of blood products remain topics of ongoing research. SUMMARY: Literature review continues to reveal underpowered or retrospective analyses of these very important questions. Public health burden caused by burns warrants rigorous, prospective studies to take the best care of these patients and portend the best long-term outcomes. Collaboration amongst pediatric anesthesiologists who care for these children is necessary to develop and execute powered studies to answer important questions.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine