Pediatric HIV infection: A review of epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and current intervention

Deborah A. Pearson, Marilyn D. Doyle, Larry K. Pickering, Juliana Ortegon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection has emerged as a global epidemic that is predicted to kill many thousands of children by the end of this century. In this review, several aspects of pediatric HIV infection are presented. The epidemiology of HIV infection is briefly surveyed in the United States, Africa, Europe, the Caribbean, and Asia. Clinical manifestations of pediatric HIV infection, which are not entirely congruent with the signs and symptoms often found in adults, are also reviewed, including medical, neurological, developmental, and behavioral manifestations of this disease process. Finally, an intervention program outlining current medical, pharmacological, and neurodevelopmental follow-up care is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-210
Number of pages32
JournalJournal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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Keywords

  • Antiretroviral treatment
  • Epidemiology
  • HIV infection
  • Neurodevelopment
  • Pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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