The purpose of this study was to determine whether pelvic fracture pattern is associated with transfusion requirements or concomitant injuries in pediatric patients. This was a single-institution, retrospective review from 1970 to 2000. Pelvic ring injuries were classified using the Orthopaedic Trauma Association system. Injury Severity Scores were assigned. Ninety patients were included in this study. There were 27 A-type (30.0%), 51 B-type (56.7%), and 12 C-type (13.3%) injuries. Mean Injury Severity Scores were 8.1 for 61 A-type, 12.7 for 61 B-type, and 23.6 for 61 C-type fractures (P<.0001). Transfusion was required for 14.8% of A-type, 18.4% of B-type, and 66.7% of C-type injuries (P=.0009). There was no significant association with the number of units transfused (P=.9614). Decreased pelvic ring fracture stability was associated with an increased need for blood transfusion, although not with the number of units. Pelvic ring fracture stability may be a marker of associated injuries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas