Perceived barriers to exercise in adults with traumatic brain injury vary by age

Shanti M. Pinto, Mark A. Newman, Mark A. Hirsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Physical activity and exercise are important adjuncts to medical treatment for overall health in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI); however, many individuals do not partake in the recommended weekly exercise. The objective of this study was to investigate the barriers to exercise after TBI and determine whether these barriers varied by age. The sample was 172 adults with moderate to severe TBI who completed Barriers to Physical Exercise and Disability (B-PED) survey. Lack of interest, motivation, and energy as well as cost, lack of counseling on exercise by a physician, not having home equipment, and being too lazy were reported as barriers to exercise by all age groups. Those aged 35 to 54-years-old were more likely to report that cost, lack of transportation, having health concerns, not knowing where to exercise, and fear of leaving the home as barriers to exercise than those aged 18 to 34-years-old or 55-years-old and older. Overall, adults with TBI report multiple barriers to exercise, and these barriers vary by age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberjfmk3030047
JournalJournal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • And Health
  • Barriers
  • Disability
  • Exercise
  • International classification of functioning
  • Physical activity
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Rheumatology
  • Histology
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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