Background: Percutaneous techniques are commonly used to treat pelvic ring disruptions but are not mainstream for fixation of pubic symphysis disruption worldwide. Potential advantages include less blood loss and lower risk of surgical site infection, especially in the morbidly obese or multiply injured patient. This study was performed to describe the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients after percutaneous reduction and screw fixation of pubic symphysis disruption and to evaluate the preliminary safety and efficacy of this technique and its appropriateness for further study as an alternative method of fixation. Methods: A retrospective review was performed to identify all patients who underwent percutaneous fixation of pubic symphysis disruption by two surgeons at an academic Level I trauma center over a 3-year period. Patients underwent percutaneous reduction and fixation of the pubic symphysis using 1 or 2 fully or partially threaded 5.5, 6.5, or 7.3 mm cannulated screws in a transverse or oblique configuration. Associated posterior ring injuries were fixed with trans-sacral and/or iliosacral screws. The primary outcome of interest was loss of reduction, defined as symphysis distance greater than 15 mm measured on final AP pelvis radiograph. Secondary outcomes collected by chart review were operative time, blood loss, vascular or urologic injury, sexual dysfunction, infection, implant loosening or breakage, and revision surgery. Results: Twelve patients met criteria and primary and secondary outcomes were collected. Mean clinical and radiographic follow-up were 15 months each. One patient lost reduction. Mean operative time and blood loss were 124 min and 29 cc, respectively. No vascular or urologic injuries occurred. Two patients reported sexual dysfunction. No patients became infected or required revision surgery. Four patients underwent implant removal. Seventeen additional patients were excluded due to short follow-up and limited outcomes were collected. Two of these patients lost reduction. Three underwent implant removal. Conclusion: These data support percutaneous reduction and screw fixation of pubic symphysis disruption as a potentially safe and effective method of treatment that warrants further investigation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine