Periodontal disease in chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease patients: A review

Venkatesh K. Ariyamuthu, Karl D. Nolph, Bruce E. Ringdahl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disorder and being so it has been associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and malnutrition. Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients [National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: Annual Data Report, 2010]. A recent scientific statement released by the American Heart Association [Lockhart et al.: Circulation 2012;125:2520-2544] claims that, even though evidence exists to believe that periodontal interventions result in a reduction in systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, there is little evidence that those interventions prevent atherosclerotic vascular disease or modify the outcomes. In this review, we discuss the periodontal findings and their association with an increased prevalence of inflammatory markers and cardiovascular mortality in ESRD patients and CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalCardioRenal Medicine
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Periodontal Diseases
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Chronic Kidney Failure
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (U.S.)
Annual Reports
Mortality
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Vascular Diseases
Malnutrition
Atherosclerosis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Inflammation

Keywords

  • Chronic kidney disease
  • End-stage renal disease
  • Periodontitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Urology

Cite this

Periodontal disease in chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease patients : A review. / Ariyamuthu, Venkatesh K.; Nolph, Karl D.; Ringdahl, Bruce E.

In: CardioRenal Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.01.2013, p. 71-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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