Peripartum methamphetamine use in a large urban population

Susan M. Ramin, Bertis B. Little, Kenneth J. Trimmer, Donna I. Standard, Laura M. Snell, Craig A. Blakely, Andrea Garrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the present investigation was to assess the relationship of peripartum methamphetamine use and fetal outcome. Umbilical cord blood was collected from 863 consecutive births at two large urban public hospitals serving a primarily indigent population. Radioimmunoassay was utilized to test for the presence of methamphetamine and other substances of abuse. Only those positive for methamphetamine alone were included in the study. Controls were those whose toxicology was negative for methamphetamine, opiates, cocaine, alcohol, and toluene. Statistical analysis was performed by Chi-square analysis, Fisher's exact probability test, analysis of variance, or analysis of covariance, where appropriate. With the exception of birth weight, there was no difference between the methamphetamine-exposed and control groups in pregnancy complications and neonatal outcome. A slight reduction (P = 0.05) in birth weight was found in the methamphetamine-exposed group, but the difference (141 gm) was of questionable clinical significance. Adverse pregnancy outcomes were not associated with peripartum methamphetamine exposure in the current study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-103
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Fingerprint

Peripartum Period
Urban Population
Methamphetamine
Birth Weight
Opiate Alkaloids
Analysis of Variance
Pregnancy Complications
Public Hospitals
Urban Hospitals
Toluene
Pregnancy Outcome
Poverty
Fetal Blood
Cocaine
Toxicology
Substance-Related Disorders
Radioimmunoassay
Alcohols
Parturition
Control Groups

Keywords

  • Methamphetamines
  • Peripartum use
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Ramin, S. M., Little, B. B., Trimmer, K. J., Standard, D. I., Snell, L. M., Blakely, C. A., & Garrett, A. (1994). Peripartum methamphetamine use in a large urban population. Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, 3(3), 101-103. https://doi.org/10.3109/14767059409017353

Peripartum methamphetamine use in a large urban population. / Ramin, Susan M.; Little, Bertis B.; Trimmer, Kenneth J.; Standard, Donna I.; Snell, Laura M.; Blakely, Craig A.; Garrett, Andrea.

In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1994, p. 101-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramin, SM, Little, BB, Trimmer, KJ, Standard, DI, Snell, LM, Blakely, CA & Garrett, A 1994, 'Peripartum methamphetamine use in a large urban population', Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 101-103. https://doi.org/10.3109/14767059409017353
Ramin, Susan M. ; Little, Bertis B. ; Trimmer, Kenneth J. ; Standard, Donna I. ; Snell, Laura M. ; Blakely, Craig A. ; Garrett, Andrea. / Peripartum methamphetamine use in a large urban population. In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. 1994 ; Vol. 3, No. 3. pp. 101-103.
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