Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ-mediated polarization of macrophages in leishmania infection

Marion M. Chan, Nagasuresh Adapala, Cui Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Infection is the outcome of a contest between a pathogen and its host. In the disease leishmaniasis, the causative protozoan parasites are harbored inside the macrophages. Leishmania species adapt strategies to make the infection chronic, keeping a balance between their own and the host's defense so as to establish an environment that is favorable for survival and propagation. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) is one of the tactics used. This ligand-activated nuclear factor curbs inflammation to protect the host from excessive injuries by setting a limit to its destructive force. In this paper, we report the interaction of host PPARs and the pathogen for visceral leishmaniasis, Leishmania donovani, in vivo and in vitro. PPAR expression is induced by parasitic infection. Leishmanial activation of PPAR promotes survival, whereas blockade of PPAR facilitates removal of the parasite. Thus, Leishmania parasites harness PPARγ to increase infectivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number796235
JournalPPAR Research
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 21 2012

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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