Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors α and γ are activated by indomethacin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

Jürgen M. Lehmann, James M. Lenhard, Beverly B. Oliver, Gordon M. Ringold, Steven A. Kliewer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1018 Scopus citations

Abstract

Indomethacin is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and cyclooxygenase inhibitor that is frequently used as a research tool to study the process of adipocyte differentiation. Treatment of various preadipocyte cell lines with micromolar concentrations of indomethacin in the presence of insulin promotes their terminal differentiation. However, the molecular basis for the adipogenic actions of indomethacin had remained unclear. In this report, we show that indomethacin binds and activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), a ligand-activated transcription factor known to play a pivotal role in adipogenesis. The concentration of indomethacin required to activate pPARγ is in good agreement with that required to induce the differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells to adipocytes. We demonstrate that several other NSAIDs, including fenoprofen, ibuprofen, and flufenamic acid, are also PPARγ ligands and induce adipocyte differentiation of C3H10T1/2 cells. Finally, we show that the same NSAIDs that activate PPARγ are also efficacious activators of PPARα, a liver-enriched PPAR subtype that plays a key role in peroxisome proliferation. Interestingly, several NSAIDs have been reported to induce peroxisomal activity in hepatocytes both in vitro and in vivo. Our findings define a novel group of PPARγ ligands and provide a molecular basis for the biological effects of these drugs on adipogenesis and peroxisome activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3406-3410
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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