Fifteen patients with refractory B-cell lymphoma were treated in a Phase I dose escalation clinical trial with a highly potent immunotoxin consisting of the Fab’ fragment of a monoclonal anti-CD22 antibody (RFB4) coupled to chemically deglycosylated ricin A chain. All patients had low, intermediate, or high grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The immunotoxin was administered i.v. in two to six doses at 48-h intervals. The peak serum concentration and the t,-_ were not dose dependent among patients and averaged 1.3 Mg/ml and 86 min, respectively. Three patients made antibody against A chain, and a fourth made antibody against both A chain and mouse immunoglobulin. Antibody responses were low (<85 /g/ml)in three patients and were not detected until 1 mo after treatment. The maximum tolerated dose of the immunotoxin was 75 mg/m2. Dose-related toxicities included vascular leak syndrome, fever, anorexia, and myalgia. Dose-limiting toxicities included pulmonary edema and/or effusion, expressive aphasia, and rhabdomyolysis (resulting in reversible kidney failure). There was no evidence of liver dysfunction. Partial responses were achieved in 38% of evaluable patients, and in those patients who had >50% CD22* tumor cells, 50% of the patients achieved a partial response. Clinical responses were not related to tumor grade and were generally transient, lasting between 1 and 4 mo.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Aug 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research