OBJECTIVE • To evaluate in a phase I trial, the feasibility of adding concurrent weekly docetaxel chemotherapy to high-dose intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for treatment of high-risk prostate cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS • Patients with high-risk prostate cancer were treated with a luteinising hormone-releasing hormone agonist (starting 2-3 months before IMRT and lasting 2 years), IMRT of 78 Gy to the prostate and seminal vesicles, and weekly docetaxel during RT. • All patients had computed tomography and bone scans to exclude metastatic disease. • A standard 3 + 3 design was used for docetaxel dose escalation. Successive patients were treated on dose levels of 10, 15, and 20 mg/m 2 of weekly docetaxel. RESULTS • In all, 18 patients participated in the study: 15 (83%) had Gleason 8-10 disease; the other three had either clinical T3 disease and/or a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of > 20 ng/mL. • Grade 3 diarrhoea (a defined dose-limiting toxicity, DLT) occurred in one patient in each of the first two dose levels. However, when the cohorts were expanded, no further DLT was seen. • Weekly docetaxel at 20 mg/m2 (dose level 3) was successfully given without DLT. • No patient had grade 4 or 5 toxicity. • At a median follow-up of 2.2 years, all patients achieved a PSA nadir of < 1 ng/mL, including 13 patients who had an undetectable PSA level. The 2-year biochemical progression-free survival was 94%. CONCLUSION • A dose of 20 mg/m2 of weekly docetaxel given concurrently with high-dose IMRT and ADT appears safe for further study in patients with high-risk prostate cancer.
- Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
- Phase I trial
- Prostate cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas