We have previously shown that inhibition of phosphatidylinositol (PI)3-kinase severely attenuates the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) following engagement of integrin/fibronectin receptors and that Raf is the critical target of PI 3-kinase regulation . To investigate how PI 3-kinase regulates Raf, we examined sites on Raf1 required for regulation by PI 3-kinase and explored the mechanisms involved in this regulation. Serine 338 (Ser338), which was critical for fibronectin stimulation of Raf1, was phosphorylated in a PI 3-kinase-dependent manner following engagement of fibronectin receptors. In addition, fibronectin activation of a Raf1 mutant containing a phospho-mimic mutation (S338D) was independent of PI 3-kinase. Furthermore, integrin-induced activation of the serine/threonine kinase Pak-1, which has been shown to phosphorylate Raf1 Ser338, was also dependent on PI 3-kinase activity and expression of a kinase-inactive Pak-1 mutant blocked phosphorylation of Raf1 Ser338. These results indicate that PI 3-kinase regulates phosphorylation of Raf1 Ser338 through the serine/threonine kinase Pak. Thus, phosphorylation of Raf1 Ser338 through PI 3-kinase and Pak provides a co-stimulatory signal which together with Ras leads to strong activation of Raf1 kinase activity by integrins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)