Phosphoinositide 3-kinase is integral for the acute activity of leptin and insulin in male arcuate NPY/AgRP neurons

Yiru Huang, Zhenyan He, Yong Gao, Linh Lieu, Ting Yao, Jia Sun, Tiemin Liu, Chris Javadi, Maria Box, Sadia Afrin, Hongbo Guo, Kevin W. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neuropeptide Y (NPY)/Agouti-related protein (AgRP) neurons in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus are part of a neuroendocrine feedback loop that regulates feeding behavior and glucose homeostasis. NPY/AgRP neurons sense peripheral signals (including the hormones leptin, insulin, and ghrelin) and integrate those signals with inputs from other brain regions. These inputs modify both long-term changes in gene transcription and acute changes in the electrical activity of these neurons, leading to a coordinated response to maintain energy and glucose homeostasis. However, the mechanisms by which the hormones insulin and leptin acutely modify the electrical activity of these neurons remain unclear. In this study, we show that loss of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase catalytic subunits p110α and p110β in AgRP neurons abrogates the leptin- and insulin-induced inhibition of AgRP neurons. Moreover, continual disruption of p110α and p110β in AgRP neurons results in increased weight gain. The increased adiposity was concomitant with a hypometabolic phenotype: decreased energy expenditure independent of changes in food intake. Deficiency of p110α and p110β in AgRP neurons also impaired glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity. In summary, these data highlight the requirement of both p110a and p110b in AgRP neurons for the proper regulation of energy balance and glucose homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-532
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Energy balance
  • Glucose homeostasis
  • Melanocortin
  • Obesity
  • Patch-clamp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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