Phospholipid composition of lamellar bodies formed by fetal rabbit lung type II cells in organ culture

Kenneth J. Longmuir, Jeanne M. Snyder, Carole R. Mendelson, John M. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung tissue obtained from fetal rabbits of 23 days gestational age was maintained in organ culture to study the in vitro formation of lamellar body phospholipids. During the culture period, the epithelium of the prealveolar ducts of the explants differentiated to form type II pneumonocytes. After 8 days in culture, the explants were harvested, homogenized, and two lamellar body fractions were isolated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The lamellar body fraction which best retained the distinct multilamellar structure was recovered at the interface between a solution of buffer without sucrose and buffer containing 0.41 m sucrose. The phospholipid compositions of both lamellar body fractions were similar to those reported for lamellar bodies and surfactant isolated from fetal rabbit lung, with the exception of a slightly higher phosphatidylethanolamine content. The disaturated phosphatidylcholine content of the lamellar body fractions, expressed as a percentage of total lipid phosphorus, was not influenced by the presence of palmitate in the medium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)491-500
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume212
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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