Phosphorylation of the platelet p47 phosphoprotein is mediated by the lipid products of phosphoinositide 3-kinase

A. Toker, C. Bachelot, C. S. Chen, J R Falck, J. H. Hartwig, L. C. Cantley, T. J. Kovacsovics

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71 Scopus citations

Abstract

Platelet stimulation by thrombin or the thrombin receptor activating peptide (TRAP) results in the activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase and the production of the novel polyphosphoinositides phosphatidylinositol 3,4- bisphosphate (PtdIns-3,4-P2) and phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate (PtdIns-3,4,5-P3). We have shown previously that these lipids activate calcium-independent protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms in vitro (Toker, A., Meyer, M., Reddy, K. K., Falck, J. R., Aneja, R., Aneja, S., Parra, A., Burns, D. J., Ballas, L. M. and Cantley, L. C. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 32359-32367). Activation of platelet PKC in response to TRAP is detected by the phosphorylation of the major PKC substrate in platelets, the p47 phosphoprotein, also known as pleckstrin. Here we provide evidence for two phases of pleckstrin phosphorylation in response to TRAP. A rapid phase of pleckstrin phosphorylation (<1 min) precedes the peak of PtdIns-3,4-P2 production and is unaffected by concentrations of wortmannin (10-100 nM) that block production of this lipid. However prolonged phosphorylation of pleckstrin (>2 min) is inhibited by wortmannin concentrations that block PtdIns-3,4-P2 production. Phorbol ester-mediated pleckstrin phosphorylation was not affected by wortmannin and wortmannin had no effect on purified platelet PKC activity. Phosphorylation of pleckstrin could be induced using permeabilized platelets supplied with exogenous γ-32P[ATP] and synthetic dipalmitoyl PtdIns-3,4,5-Pa and dipalmitoyl PtdIns-3,4-P2 micelles, but not with dipalmitoyl phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate or phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate. These results suggest two modes of stimulating pleckstrin phosphorylation: a rapid activation of PKC (via diacylglycerol and calcium) followed by a slower activation of calcium-independent PKCs via PtdIns-3,4- P2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29525-29531
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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