Plantar Fibromatosis: Pathophysiology, Surgical and Nonsurgical Therapies: An Evidence-Based Review

Paul Carroll, Robert M. Henshaw, Caitlin Garwood, Katherine Raspovic, Dhruv Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plantar fibromatosis (morbus Ledderhose), an extra-abdominal desmoid tumor of the plantar foot, is a rare benign hyperproliferative disorder of the plantar fascia with an unknown etiology. The main clinical characteristics include slow growing nodules on the medial and central bands of the plantar fascia, which may become painful and negatively affect ambulation. Most established conservative therapies today target symptomatic relief. As symptoms progress, therapies such as injections, shockwave ablation, radiation, and/or surgery may be required. This review aims to provide insight into the pathophysiology of this condition in addition to detailing current and investigational therapies for this disorder. Many therapies have been proven in similar conditions, which could lead to promising treatment options for plantar fibromatosis. Levels of Evidence: Level V: Expert opinion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-176
Number of pages9
JournalFoot and Ankle Specialist
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Fingerprint

Fascia
Aggressive Fibromatosis
Investigational Therapies
Expert Testimony
Walking
Foot
Therapeutics
Radiation
Injections
Plantar Fibromatosis
Neoplasms
Conservative Treatment

Keywords

  • fasciectomy
  • hyperproliferative
  • myofibroblasts
  • nodule
  • plantar fascia
  • verapamil topical

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Podiatry
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Plantar Fibromatosis : Pathophysiology, Surgical and Nonsurgical Therapies: An Evidence-Based Review. / Carroll, Paul; Henshaw, Robert M.; Garwood, Caitlin; Raspovic, Katherine; Kumar, Dhruv.

In: Foot and Ankle Specialist, Vol. 11, No. 2, 01.04.2018, p. 168-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Carroll, Paul ; Henshaw, Robert M. ; Garwood, Caitlin ; Raspovic, Katherine ; Kumar, Dhruv. / Plantar Fibromatosis : Pathophysiology, Surgical and Nonsurgical Therapies: An Evidence-Based Review. In: Foot and Ankle Specialist. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 2. pp. 168-176.
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