This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between plasma leptin and prognosis in patients with angiographically confirmed coronary atherosclerosis. Experimental studies suggest that leptin, an adipose tissue-derived hormone, exerts important cardiovascular effects. Study subjects were recruited prospectively from a cohort of patients undergoing clinically indicated coronary angiography (n = 382). The median duration of follow-up was four years. Follow-up information was available for 361 patients. The combined end point of cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident, or re-vascularization occurred in 44 subjects. In the simple Cox model, leptin had a significant (p < 0.001) non-linear/cubic univariate relationship with the combined end point. Other variables associated with prognosis in the univariate analysis were body mass index (BMI), prior MI, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and number of coronary vessels with >50% stenosis. A positive relationship between leptin and prognosis was also seen when leptin levels were split by quintiles, with a hazard ratio of 6.46 for the highest quintile. The only two variables significantly associated with the combined end point in the multivariate Cox model were leptin (p = 0.004) and number of coronary vessels with >50% stenosis (p < 0.001). A similar relationship between leptin and prognosis was observed when leptin was adjusted for BMI. In patients with angiographically confirmed coronary atherosclerosis, leptin is a novel predictor of future cardiovascular events independent of other risk factors, including lipid status and CRP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine