Plasma MIA, CRP, and Albumin Predict Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease

Junchao Shen, Noor Amari, Rebecca Zack, R. Tyler Skrinak, Travis L. Unger, Marijan Posavi, Thomas F. Tropea, Sharon X. Xie, Vivianna M. Van Deerlin, Richard B. Dewey, Daniel Weintraub, John Q. Trojanowski, Alice S. Chen-Plotkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Using a multi-cohort, discovery-replication-validation design, we sought new plasma biomarkers that predict which individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) will experience cognitive decline. Methods: In 108 discovery cohort PD individuals and 83 replication cohort PD individuals, we measured 940 plasma proteins on an aptamer-based platform. Using proteins associated with subsequent cognitive decline in both cohorts, we trained a logistic regression model to predict which patients with PD showed fast (> = 1 point drop/year on Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA]) versus slow (< 1 point drop/year on MoCA) cognitive decline in the discovery cohort, testing it in the replication cohort. We developed alternate assays for the top 3 proteins and confirmed their ability to predict cognitive decline – defined by change in MoCA or development of incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia – in a validation cohort of 118 individuals with PD. We investigated the top plasma biomarker for causal influence by Mendelian randomization (MR). Results: A model with only 3 proteins (melanoma inhibitory activity protein [MIA], C-reactive protein [CRP], and albumin) separated fast versus slow cognitive decline subgroups with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.80 in the validation cohort. The individuals with PD in the validation cohort in the top quartile of risk for cognitive decline based on this model were 4.4 times more likely to develop incident MCI or dementia than those in the lowest quartile. Genotypes at MIA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2233154 associated with MIA levels and cognitive decline, providing evidence for MIA's causal influence. Conclusions: An easily obtained plasma-based predictor identifies individuals with PD at risk for cognitive decline. MIA may participate causally in development of cognitive decline. ANN NEUROL 2022.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAnnals of Neurology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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