Plasma polymer thin film depositions to regulate gas permeability through nanoporous track etched membranes

Christopher L. Chapman, Dhiman Bhattacharyya, Robert C. Eberhart, Richard B. Timmons, Cheng Jen Chuong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deposition of thin polymeric films on nanoporous membranes is shown to provide a mechanically simple and inexpensive approach to regulate trans-membrane gas flows. For this purpose, polymeric films were deposited on polycarbonate track-etched (PCTE) membranes of 50 nm and 100 nm pore size. The films were generated by low-pressure glow discharge plasma polymerization of vinyl acetic acid (CH2{double bond, long}CHCH2COOH) or perfluorohexane (n-C6F14) monomers. The plasma discharge was operated under pulsed conditions to provide better control of the polymeric film chemistry along with improved control of film thickness. The gradual reduction in average membrane pore sizes with increasing film thickness resulted in controlled decreases in the permeation rates of O2 and CO2 gases. In addition to film thickness, the permeation rates were observed to be functions of the specific composition and cross-link density of the polymer films deposited, as well as the nature of the permeant gases. It was determined that the plasma deposition process employed provides sufficient permeation control for use in applications requiring fine modulation of gas permeation rate such as those encountered in development of a blood oxygenator, a major motivation for the present study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-144
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume318
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 20 2008

Keywords

  • Gas permeability
  • PCTE membrane
  • Pulsed plasma polymerization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Plasma polymer thin film depositions to regulate gas permeability through nanoporous track etched membranes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this