Plastic Surgery Complications: A Review for Emergency Clinicians

Tim Montrief, Kasha Bornstein, Mark Ramzy, Alex Koyfman, Brit J. Long

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

The number of aesthetic surgical procedures performed in the United States is increasing rapidly. Over 1.5 million surgical procedures and over three million nonsurgical procedures were performed in 2015 alone. Of these, the most common procedures included surgeries of the breast and abdominal wall, specifically implants, liposuction, and subcutaneous injections. Emergency clinicians may be tasked with the management of postoperative complications of cosmetic surgeries including postoperative infections, thromboembolic events, skin necrosis, hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, fat embolism syndrome, bowel cavity perforation, intra-abdominal injury, local seroma formation, and local anesthetic systemic toxicity. This review provides several guiding principles for management of acute complications. Understanding these complications and approach to their management is essential to optimizing patient care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-189
Number of pages11
JournalWestern Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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