Platelet-activating factor contributes to acute lung leak in rats given interleukin-1 intratracheally

Young M. Lee, Brooks M. Hybertson, Hyun G. Cho, Lance S. Terada, Okyong Cho, Alexander J. Repine, John E. Repine

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lung lavage fluid of patients with acute lung injury (ALI) has increased levels of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and neutrophils, but their relationship to the lung leak that characterizes these patients is unclear. To address this concern, we investigated the role of the neutrophil agonist platelet-activating factor [1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF)] in the development of the acute neutrophil-dependent lung leak that is induced by giving IL-1 intratracheally to rats. We found that PAF acetyltransferase and PAF activities increased in lungs of rats given IL-1 intratracheally compared with lungs of sham-treated rats given saline intratracheally. The participation of PAF in the development of lung leak and lung neutrophil accumulation after IL-1 administration was suggested when treatment with WEB-2086, a commonly used PAF-receptor antagonist, decreased lung leak, lung myeloperoxidase activity, and lung lavage fluid neutrophil increases in rats given IL-1 intratracheally. Additionally, neutrophils recovered from the lung lavage fluid of rats given IL-1 intratracheally reduced more nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) in vitro than neutrophils recovered from control rats or rats that had been given WEB-2086 and then IL-1. Histological examination indicated that the endothelial cell-neutrophil interfaces of cerium chloride-stained lung sections of rats given IL-1 contained increased cerium perhydroxide (the reaction product of cerium chloride with hydrogen peroxide) compared with lungs of control rats or rats treated with WEB-2086 and then given IL-1 intratracheally. These in vivo findings were supported by parallel findings showing that WEB-2086 treatment decreased neutrophil adhesion to IL-1-treated cultured endothelial cells in vitro. We concluded that PAF contributes to neutrophil recruitment and neutrophil activation in lungs of rats given IL-1 intratracheally.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L75-L80
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume279
Issue number1 23-1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2000

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Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Neutrophils

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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