Elevation of intracellular Ca2+ by platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and other growth factors involves both release of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores and Ca2+ entry from the extracellular medium. Release from intracellular stores is believed to be mediated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and the heparin-sensitive IP3 receptor. We studied the mechanism by which entry of extracellular Ca2+ is induced by PDGF. Intracellular free Ca2+ (Ca2+(i)) was measured in single cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells using fura 2 microspectrofluorometry. In nominally Ca2+-free medium, PDGF (recombinant BB, 10 ng/ml) raised intracellular Ca2+ transiently (<5 min); addition of 2 mM Ca2+ to the bathing medium after 5 min caused a second, prolonged increase in intracellular Ca2+. Repeated changes in extracellular Ca2+ from 0 to 2 mM over 90 min caused rapid, parallel changes in Ca2+(i) of approximately 200 nM. This change in Ca2+(i) in response to changes in extracellular Ca2+ was virtually undetectable in control or thrombin-treated cells. The intracellular response to changes in medium Ca2+ after PDGF was completely blocked by 10 mM CoCl2, but not by 10-7 M nicardipine. Microinjection of monoclonal antibodies to phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) (kt 10, 2 mg/ml) totally abolished both mobilization of intracellular Ca2+ stores and entry of extracellular Ca2+. Consistent with this finding, maintenance of Ca2+ entry required ongoing receptor occupancy, since displacement of PDGF from its receptor with suramin (1 mM) eradicated extracellular Ca2+ entry in <5 min. To determine whether extracellular Ca2+ entry involves the heparin-sensitive IP3 receptor, cells were microinjected with heparin (4 mg/ml) prior to addition of PDGF. Heparin, but not chondroitin sulfate, prevented mobilization of intracellular Ca2+ stores but did not affect extracellular Ca2+ entry. We conclude that entry of extracellular Ca2+ induced by PDGF requires ongoing receptor occupancy and involves PIP2 or PIP2 metabolism. However, the signal which mediates PDGF-induced Ca2+ entry does not require the heparin-sensitive IP3 receptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology