Polymorphism of the mouse TNF-i locus: sequence studies of the 3'-untranslated region and first intron

Bruce Beutler, Tracy Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


We have sequenced the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) and first intron of six strains of Mus musculus, as well as M. spretus, M. castaneus, and M. shanghai. A marked degree of polymorphism was evident in the sequences, and among all of the strains, no two haplotypes were identical. Of particular note, insertional mutations modifying the 5'-TTATTTAT sequence in the 3'-UTR, which in its RNA form acts as a translational represser, were observed in New Zealand White and M. spretus strains. The mutations that we have identified dictate several restriction-fragment length polymorphisms, which should be useful in following the tumor necrosis factor-encoding gene (TNF) in backcross analysis and in defining the ancestry of TNF in mice of indeterminate parentage. Moreover, the data provide a substrate for the future analysis of differences in the level of TNF expression by genetically distinct mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-283
Number of pages5
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 30 1993



  • DNA sequencing
  • lupus
  • Mus
  • mutation
  • Recombinant DNA
  • tumor necrosis factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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