Poorer cognitive performance in patients with essential tremor-Parkinson's disease vs. patients with Parkinson's disease

Elan D. Louis, Brittany Rohl, Kathleen Collins, Stephane Cosentino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Patients with essential tremor (ET) seem to be at increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease (PD). Surprisingly, little has been written about this clinical entity, ET-PD. Cognitive dysfunction is a well-known feature of PD, and can also be an issue in patients with ET. Whether the presence of the combined diagnosis, ET-PD, is associated with additive cognitive effects as compared with PD has not been studied. Methods: Thirty ET-PD patients and 53 age-matched PD patients were enrolled in a clinical-epidemiological study. Two cognitive screens, the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS, score = 0-41) and Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE; range 0-30), were administered. Results: The MMSE score was lower in ET-PD than PD [26.5 ± 3.1 (median 28.0) vs. 28.4 ± 2.2 (median 29.0), p = 0.001]. The TICS score was lower in ET-PD than PD [31.7 ± 3.9 (32.0) vs. 35.0 ± 2.0 (35.0), p < 0.001]. Subscores of these tests that related to orientation (p < 0.001), language (p < 0.001), and working memory (p = 0.001) were lower in ET-PD than PD, whereas the delayed memory subscore was only marginally lower in ET-PD than PD (p = 0.06), and the two groups did not differ with respect to the motor/construction subscore (p = 0.22). Both global cognitive scores were inversely correlated with disease duration (for MMSE score, Spearman's r = -0.46, p < 0.001; for TICS score, Spearman's r = -0.53, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The combined diagnosis, ET-PD, seemed to be associated with additive cognitive effects as compared with PD alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number00106
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume6
Issue numberMAY
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clinical
  • Cognition
  • Dementia
  • Essential tremor
  • Parkinson's disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Poorer cognitive performance in patients with essential tremor-Parkinson's disease vs. patients with Parkinson's disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this