Population Characteristics and Progressive Disability in Neuofibromatosis Type 2

Kensho Iwatate, Takeshi Yokoo, Eriko Iwatate, Masahiro Ichikawa, Taku Sato, Masazumi Fujii, Jun Sakuma, Kiyoshi Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To characterize the clinical features of patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and determine prognostic risk factors for progressive disabilities. Methods In this retrospective cohort study of the Japanese national NF2 registry between 2009 and 2013, clinical data (demographic, history, oncologic, and neurologic) of 807 patients with a diagnosis of NF2 were analyzed. The overall severity of neurologic disability was assessed using a comprehensive 25-point scoring system encompassing a wide variety of neurologic deficits. In 587 patients in whom longitudinal disability data were available, multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify risk factors for significant progression of disability. Results The clinical characteristics of the Japanese NF2 population were heterogeneous. The median age of onset was 24 years (range, 1–80 years), the male:female ratio was 1:1.29, and the initial severity score was 4 (range, 0–22) out of 25 points. A family history of NF2 was present in 33% of the patients. Most frequent clinical features were bilateral cranial nerve VIII nerve sheath tumor (NST) in 87%, spinal NST in 80%, hearing loss in 65%, spinal dysfunction in 50%, intracranial meningioma in 49%, and facial paresis in 36%. The disability score progressed by ≥5 points in 6.1% of patients over the study period. Based on multivariate logistic regression analyses, the significant independent risk factors of progression (P value) included age of onset <25 years (P = 0.015), positive family history (P = 0.007), positive treatment history (P = 0.026), hearing loss (P = 0.014), facial paresis (P = 0.015), blindness (P = 0.011), and hemiparesis (P = 0.025). Conclusions The Japanese NF2 population has heterogeneous clinical features. Risk factors for progressive disability include younger age of onset, positive family history, positive treatment history, and specific neurologic deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)653-660
Number of pages8
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume106
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Natural history study
  • Neurofibromatosis type 2
  • Population characteristics
  • Scoring system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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