Post-hoc Analysis of Pharmacodynamics and Single-Agent Activity of CD3xCD123 Bispecific Antibody APVO436 in Relapsed/Refractory AML and MDS Resistant to HMA or Venetoclax Plus HMA

Justin Watts, Tara L. Lin, Alice Mims, Prapti Patel, Cynthia Lee, Anoush Shahidzadeh, Paul Shami, Elizabeth Cull, Christopher R. Cogle, Eunice Wang, Fatih M. Uckun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

APVO436 is a recombinant bispecific antibody designed to direct host cytotoxic T-cells to CD123-expressing blast cells in patients with hematologic malignancies. APVO436 showed promising tolerability and single-agent activity in relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). The primary purpose of this post-hoc analysis was to evaluate the therapeutic and pharmacodynamic effects of APVO436 in 14 R/R AML/MDS patients who had failed treatment with hypomethylating agents (HMA) or venetoclax plus HMA prior to being enrolled in the APVO436 Phase 1 dose-escalation study that was recently completed. Eight of these 14 patients had R/R AML and had failed treatment with HMA (N=2) or venetoclax plus HMA (N=6). The remaining 6 patients had R/R MDS and had also failed treatment with HMA (N=5) or venetoclax plus HMA (N=1). They were treated with APVO436 at submicrogram dose levels >0.08 mcg/kg that were active in preclinical NOD/SCID mouse xenograft models of AML. APVO436 activated patients’ T-cells as evidenced by reduced numbers of circulating CD123+CD34+ and CD33+CD34+ peripheral blasts. Single-agent activity was observed at dose levels ranging from 0.1 mcg/kg to 0.7 mcg/kg in 4 R/R AML patients (50%), including 3 patients with prolonged stable disease (SD) and one patient with complete remission (CR). Likewise, 3 MDS patients had SD (50%) and 3 additional MDS patients (50%) had a marrow CR at dose levels ranging from 0.1 mcg/kg to 0.8 mcg/kg. The median survival for the combined group of 14 R/R AML/MDS patients was 282 days. This early evidence of single-agent activity of APVO436 in R/R AML/MDS patients who failed HMA with or without venetoclax provides proof of concept supporting its in vivo immunomodulatory and anti-leukemic activity and warrants further investigation of its clinical impact potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number806243
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 13 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AML – acute myeloid leukaemia
  • bispecific antibody (bsAb)
  • CD123 expression
  • myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative syndromes
  • venetoclax (BCL2 inhibitor)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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