A multitude of environmental factors can result in breakdown of immune tolerance in susceptible hosts. Infectious pathogens are among the most important environmental triggers in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Certain autoimmune disorders have a strong association with specific infections. Several neurological autoimmune disorders are thought to occur through post-infectious mechanisms. In this review, we discuss the proposed mechanisms underlying pathogen-induced autoimmunity, and highlight the clinical presentation and treatment of several post-infectious autoimmune neurological disorders. We also highlight post-infectious neurological disorders in the setting of recent outbreaks.
- Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis
- Autoimmune Encephalitis
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology