Post-transcriptional regulation of low density lipoprotein receptor protein by proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9a in mouse liver

Wook Park Sahng, Young Ah Moon, Jay D. Horton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

394 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipid homeostasis is transcriptionally regulated by three DNA-binding proteins, designated sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1a, -1c, and -2. Oligonucleotide arrays hybridized with RNA made from livers of transgenic SREBP-1a, transgenic SREBP-2, and SREBP cleavage-activating protein knockout mice recently identified 33 genes regulated by SREBPs in liver, four of which had no known connection to lipid metabolism. One of the four genes was PCSK9, which encodes proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9a, a protein that belongs to the proteinase K subfamily of subtilases. Mutations in PCSK9 are associated with an autosomal dominant form of hypercholesterolemia. Here, we demonstrate that hepatic overexpression of either wild-type or mutant PCSK9 in mice results in hypercholesterolemia. The hypercholesterolemia is due to a post-transcriptional event causing a reduction in low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor protein prior to the internalization and recycling of the receptor. Overexpression of PCSK9 in primary hepatocytes and in mice lacking the LDL receptor does not alter apolipoprotein B secretion. These data are consistent with PCSK9 affecting plasma LDL cholesterol levels by altering LDL receptor protein levels via a post-transcriptional mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50630-50638
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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