Postnatal neurogenesis of the hypothalamic paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei in the brazilian opossum brain

Javed Iqbal, Joel K. Elmquist, Lynne R. Ross, Mark R. Ackermann, Carol D. Jacobson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have used bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) single and BrdU-arginine vasopressin-oxytocin (BrdU-AVP-OT) double and triple label immunohistochemistry to characterize postnatal neurogenesis of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei in the Brazilian opossum. Developing pups received a single injection of BrdU between days 1 and 11 postnatally. All brains were collected on day 60 of postnatal life (60 PN). Single label BrdU immunohistochemistry revealed that an injection at 1 PN resulted in heavy labelling in the hypothalamus including the area of the paraventricular nucleus, whereas only approximately one third of the cells in the supraoptic nucleus were labelled. Analysis of data indicated that neurogenesis of the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei is completed by days 5 and 7 PN, respectively. Double and triple label immunohistochemistry demonstrated that following BrdU injection on day 1 or 2 PN, few of the AVP and OT secreting cells in the supraoptic nucleus were double labelled with either peptide and BrdU, and no double labelled cells were seen following BrdU injection on day 5 PN. Similarly, in the paraventricular nucleus most of the AVP and OT secreting magnocellular cells were not double labelled with either peptide and BrdU. Whereas several double labelled cells were observed in the parvicellular part following BrdU injection on day 1 or 2 PN. No double labelled cells were present in any component of the paraventricular nucleus following injection on day 7 PN or later. These results indicate that the majority of the AVP and OT secreting magnocellular neurons are born prenatally and the OT and AVP parvicellular group of neurons are born during postnatal life. Our results also demonstrate that in contrast to that of eutherian rodents such as the rat and mouse, neurogenesis in the opossum hypothalamus continues into the postnatal period and provides a unique opportunity to study the neuroanatomical development of diverse regions such as the paraventricular nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)151-160
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopmental Brain Research
Volume85
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 1995

Keywords

  • Bromodeoxyuridine
  • Development
  • Hypothalamus
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Marsupial
  • Monodelphis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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