Postpneumonectomy lung expansion elicits hypoxia-inducible factor-1α signaling

Quiyang Zhang, Dennis J. Bellotto, Priya Ravikumar, Orson W. Moe, Richard T. Hogg, Deborah C. Hogg, Aaron S. Estrera, Robert L. Johnson, Connie C W Hsia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

We (42) previously reported differential regulation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF-1α, -2α, and -3α) mRNA in canine lungs during normal maturation and postpneumonectomy (PNX) compensatory growth in the absence of overt hypoxia. To test the hypothesis that lung expansion activates HIF signaling, we replaced the right lung of six adult foxhounds with inflated custom-shaped silicone prosthesis to keep the mediastinum in the midline and minimize lateral expansion of the remaining lung. After 3 wk of recovery and stabilization of perfusion, the prosthesis was acutely deflated in three animals, causing the remaining lung to expand by 114%. In three other animals, the prosthesis remained inflated. Three days following deflation, we observed significant elevation in the mRNA and nuclear protein levels of HIF-1α (∼60%) as well as activation of its transcriptional regulator, the serine/threonine protein kinase B (phospho-Akt-to-total Akt ratio, 124%), and the mRNA and protein levels of its downstream targets, erythropoietin receptor (71-183%) as well as VEGF (33-58%) compared with the pre-PNX control lung from the same animal. The mRNA of HIF-2α, HIF-3α, and VEGF receptors did not change with acute deflation. We conclude that in vivo lung expansion by post-PNX deflation of space-occupying prosthesis elicits coordinated activation of HIF-1α signaling in adult lungs. This pathway could play an important role in mediating lung growth and remodeling during maturation and post-PNX compensation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L497-L504
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume293
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2007

Keywords

  • Compensatory lung growth
  • Dog
  • Erythropoietin receptor
  • Lung resection
  • Lung volume
  • Serine/threonine protein kinase B
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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