Posttraumatic stress disorder among homeless men and women

Carol S North, E. M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


Six hundred homeless men and 300 homeless women in St. Louis were systematically interviewed using the revised Diagnostic Interview Schedule that includes a module for assessment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most subjects with PTSD had an additional lifetime psychiatric diagnosis. No consistent pattern of association was apparent, however, between individual diagnoses and either traumatic events or PTSD. In almost three-fourths of both men and women, the onset of PTSD had preceded the onset of homelessness. Childhood histories of abuse and family fighting were predictive of both traumatic events and PTSD. The results suggest that factors leading to PTSD in the study sample began long before the onset of homelessness and may overlap with factors operative in the genesis of homelessness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1010-1016
Number of pages7
JournalHospital and Community Psychiatry
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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