Posttraumatic stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder-like symptoms and mild traumatic brain injury

Jan E. Kennedy, Michael S. Jaffee, Gregory A. Leskin, James W. Stokes, Felix O. Leal, Pamela J. Fitzpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, we review the literature on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and PTSD-like symptoms that can occur along with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) and concussion, with specific reference to concussive injuries in the military. We address four major areas: (1) clinical aspects of TBI and PTSD, including diagnostic criteria, incidence, predictive factors, and course; (2) biological interface between PTSD and TBI; (3) comorbidity between PTSD and other mental disorders that can occur after mild TBI; and (4) current treatments for PTSD, with specific considerations related to treatment for patients with mild TBI or concussive injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-920
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Volume44
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Biological factors
  • Blast concussion
  • Clinical course
  • Comorbidity
  • Concussion
  • Incidence
  • Mild traumatic brain injury
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Rehabilitation
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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