Posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology and comorbid depressive symptoms among abused women referred from emergency department care

Sherry Lipsky, Craig A. Field, Raul Caetano, Gregory L. Larkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is common among victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) as is comorbid depression. Comorbid depression may exacerbate PTSD severity and chronicity. This study sampled female IPV victims from an urban emergency department to assess the relationship between PTSD symptomatology in the previous 12 months and current depressive symptomatology and to evaluate independent predictors of PTSD symptomatology. Half of respondents had symptoms consistent with PTSD. Those with PTSD symptomatology had significantly higher mean total depression scores and mean scores on 3 of 4 depression subscales than those without PTSD. Depressive symptomatology, being married, sexual IPV, severity of physical IPV, and partner's consumption of 5 or more alcoholic drinks per occasion at least once a month independently predicted PTSD symptomatology. Our findings underscore the important roles these factors play in IPV-related PTSD and the need for prompt identification and intervention of those at risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)645-659
Number of pages15
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume20
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Depressive disorder
  • Emergency care
  • Partner abuse
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology and comorbid depressive symptoms among abused women referred from emergency department care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this