Potential Metabolite Biomarkers for Acute Versus Chronic Stage of Ischemic Stroke: A Pilot Study

Evgeny Sidorov, Cynthia Bejar, Chao Xu, Bappaditya Ray, Lavanya Reddivari, Juliane Chainakul, Jairam K.P. Vanamala, Dharambir K. Sanghera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Metabolome profiling is used to identify biomarkers for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Previous studies compared metabolite profiles in AIS and healthy controls, which did not account for factors that affect metabolome (genetics, medications). This pilot project evaluates the change in metabolite concentrations between the acute and chronic stage of stroke in the same cohort in order to minimize other factors impact. Methods: We performed global metabolome profile on serum of 20 and urine of 12 stroke patients in acute (72 hours) and chronic (3-5.2 months) stage and compared relative peak values using Wilcoxon and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis methods. Chronic stage metabolite concentrations were considered baseline. We performed analysis to identify significantly overrepresented pathways using MetaboAnalyst. Results: Three serum metabolites asparagine (P = .045), tyrosine (P = .015), and xylose (P = .003) had significantly higher concentrations in acute stage. Seven out of top 10 serum metabolites ranked by Wilcoxon test P value were related to amino acid (AA) metabolism. Two urine metabolites glycine (P = .03) and acetylcarnitine (P = .05) had significantly different concentrations in the acute stage. Five of the top 10 urine metabolites related to AA metabolism. We identified 6 significant pathways after false discovery rate correction that were upregulated in the acute stage: (1) Aminoacyl-tRNA synthesis, (2) nitrogen, (3) alanine, aspartate, and glutamate, (4) branched-chain AA, (5) arginine and proline, and (6) phenylalanine metabolism. Conclusion: Longitudinal study design confirms that AA metabolism heavily involved in the pathophysiology of acute brain ischemia. Prospective longitudinal studies with a higher number of participants are needed to establish useful stroke biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104618
JournalJournal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Metabolome
  • amino acids
  • biomarkers
  • cerebral ischemia
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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