The effects of naloxone, an opiate antagonist, on the stereotypic behavior and locomotor activity induced by apomorphine and d-amphetamine were studied. Groups of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were first tested for stereotypy and locomotor activity after apomorphine (0.0 - 2.0 mg/kg) or d-amphetamine (0.0 - 10.0 mg/kg). Groups were subsequently tested with saline or naloxone (1.0 - 4.0 mg/kg) plus the previously used dosage of apomorphine or d-amphetamine. Naloxone alone did not produce stereotypy, but did significantly reduce locomotor activity. Naloxone potentiated apomorphine and d-amphetamine induced stereotypy. Apomorphine-induced activity was increased by naloxone, but d-amphetamine-induced activity at 2.5 mg/kg was reduced. The results are compatible with the suggestion that naloxone may potentiate both apomorphine and d-amphetamine by inhibiting an opiate receptor mechanism which normally interacts with catecholamine neuronal action.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)