Adoptive immunotherapy using antigen-specific T-helper type 1 (Th1) cells has been considered as a potential strategy for tumor immunotherapy. However, its application to tumor immunotherapy has been hampered by difficulties in expanding tumor-specific Th1 cells from tumor-bearing hosts. Here, we have developed an efficient protocol for preparing mouse antigen-specific Th1 cells from nonspecifically activated Th cells after retroviral transfer of T-cell receptor (TCR)-α and TCR-β genes. We demonstrate that Th1 cells transduced with the TCR-β and -β genes from the I-A d-restricted ovalbumin (OVA)323-339-specific T-cell clone DO11.10 produce IFN-γ but not interleukin-4 in response to stimulation with OVA323-339 peptides or A20 B lymphoma (A20-OVA) cells expressing OVA as a model tumor antigen. TCR-transduced Th1 cells also exhibited cytotoxicity against tumor cells in an antigen-specific manner. Moreover, adoptive transfer of TCR-transduced Th1 cells, but not mock-transduced Th1 cells, exhibited potent antitumor activity in vivo and, when combined with cyclophosphamide treatment, completely eradicated established tumor masses. Thus, TCR-transduced Th1 cells are a promising alternative for the development of effective adoptive immunotherapies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research