Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) is a mini-mally invasive procedure for treatment of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction in surgically repaired congenital heart diseases. TPVR is performed in these patients to avoid the high risk and complexity of repeat surgeries. Several TPVR devices are now available to be placed in the right ventricle (RV) to pulmonary artery (PA) conduit, native RVOT, or surgical bioprosthetic valves. Imaging is used before TPVR to determine patient eligibility and optimal timing, which is critical to avoid irreversible RV dilatation and failure. Imaging is also required for evaluation of contraindica-tions, particularly proximity of the RVOT to the left main coronary artery and its branches. Cross-sectional imaging provides details of the complex anatomy in which the TPVR device will be posi-tioned and measurements of the RVOT, RV-PA conduit, or PA. Echocardiography is the first-line imaging modality for evaluation of the RVOT or conduit to determine the need for intervention, although its utility is limited by the complex RVOT morphology and altered anatomy after surgery. CT and MRI provide complemen-tary information for TPVR, including patient eligibility, assessment of contraindications, and key measurements of the RVOT and PA, which are necessary for procedure planning. TPVR, performed using a cardiac catheterization procedure, includes a sizing step in which a balloon is expanded in the RVOT, which also allows assessment of the risk for extrinsic coronary artery compression. Follow-up imaging with CT and MRI is used for evaluation of postproce-dure remodeling and valve function and to monitor complications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging