Pre-existing anti-Salmonella vector immunity prevents the development of protective antigen-specific CD8 T-cell frequencies against murine listeriosis

Victòria E. Sevil Domènech, Klaus Panthel, Katrin M. Meinel, Sebastian E. Winter, Holger Rüssmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our laboratory has focused its research on the use of the type III secretion system of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium to translocate heterologous antigens directly into the cytosol of antigen-presenting cells. We have previously reported that the single oral immunization of mice with a recombinant Salmonella aroA/sptP mutant strain expressing the translocated Yersinia outer protein E fused to the immunodominant antigen p60 from Listeria monocytogenes in a type III-mediated fashion results in the efficient induction of p60-specific CD8 T cells and confers protection against a lethal Listeria challenge infection. In the present study, we determined whether pre-existing anti-Salmonella vector immunity influences the induction of p60-specific CD8 T cells and modulates protective immunity against listeriosis after oral vaccination with recombinant Salmonella. After single oral immunization, the Salmonella aroA/sptP double mutant strain was found to colonize spleens of mice for 21 days. In contrast, the period of colonization was significantly shortened to 6 days due to anti-Salmonella vector immunity after second oral immunization. The latter scenario led to the induction of low-level frequencies of antigen-specific CD8 T cells. Compared to the significantly higher numbers of p60-specific T lymphocytes elicited after single oral immunization, the low amount of Listeria-specific CD8 T cells did not confer protection against listeriosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1447-1453
Number of pages7
JournalMicrobes and Infection
Volume9
Issue number12-13
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2007

Keywords

  • Anti-vector immunity
  • CD8 T cell
  • Listeriosis
  • Protective Immunity
  • Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium
  • Type III secretion system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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