Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) PET–computed tomography (CT) plays a significant role in diagnosis, staging, therapy selection, and therapy assessment of multiple pediatric malignancies and facilitating precision medicine delivery in pediatric patients. In patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, interim fludeoxyglucose 18F-FDG PET/CT is highly sensitive and specific for predicting survival and multiple trials with FDG PET/CT–based adaptive therapies are currently ongoing. It is superior to iodine-131 metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) scintigraphy and bone scintigraphy for detecting metastases in neuroblastoma patients and sarcoma patients. It may predict histologic differentiation and neoadjuvant therapy assessment in Wilms tumor.
- Pediatric malignancies
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging