Predicting outcome after pediatric traumatic brain injury by early magnetic resonance imaging lesion location and volume

Emily Smitherman, Ana Hernandez, Peter L. Stavinoha, Rong Huang, Steven G. Kernie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Darryl K. Miles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain lesions after traumatic brain injury (TBI) are heterogeneous, rendering outcome prognostication difficult. The aim of this study is to investigate whether early magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of lesion location and lesion volume within discrete brain anatomical zones can accurately predict long-term neurological outcome in children post-TBI. Fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) MRI hyperintense lesions in 63 children obtained 6.2±5.6 days postinjury were correlated with the Glasgow Outcome Scale Extended-Pediatrics (GOS-E Peds) score at 13.5±8.6 months. FLAIR lesion volume was expressed as hyperintensity lesion volume index (HLVI)=(hyperintensity lesion volume / whole brain volume)×100 measured within three brain zones: zone A (cortical structures); zone B (basal ganglia, corpus callosum, internal capsule, and thalamus); and zone C (brainstem). HLVI-total and HLVI-zone C predicted good and poor outcome groups (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-48
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Keywords

  • biomarkers
  • cognitive function
  • MRI
  • outcome measures
  • pediatric brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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