Prediction of Ventricular Mechanics After Pulmonary Valve Replacement in Tetralogy of Fallot by Biomechanical Modeling: A Step Towards Precision Healthcare

Maria Gusseva, Tarique Hussain, Camille Hancock Friesen, Gerald Greil, Dominique Chapelle, Radomír Chabiniok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Clinical indicators of heart function are often limited in their ability to accurately evaluate the current mechanical state of the myocardium. Biomechanical modeling has been shown to be a promising tool in addition to clinical indicators. By providing a patient-specific measure of myocardial active stress (contractility), biomechanical modeling can enhance the precision of the description of patient’s pathophysiology at any given point in time. In this work we aim to explore the ability of biomechanical modeling to predict the response of ventricular mechanics to the progressively decreasing afterload in repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF) patients undergoing pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) for significant residual right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO). We used 19 patient-specific models of patients with rTOF prior to pulmonary valve replacement (PVR), denoted as PSMpre, and patient-specific models of the same patients created post-PVR (PSMpost)—both created in our previous published work. Using the PSMpre and assuming cessation of the pulmonary regurgitation and a progressive decrease of RVOT resistance, we built relationships between the contractility and RVOT resistance post-PVR. The predictive value of such in silico obtained relationships were tested against the PSMpost, i.e. the models created from the actual post-PVR datasets. Our results show a linear 1-dimensional relationship between the in silico predicted contractility post-PVR and the RVOT resistance. The predicted contractility was close to the contractility in the PSMpost model with a mean (± SD) difference of 6.5 (± 3.0)%. The relationships between the contractility predicted by in silico PVR vs. RVOT resistance have a potential to inform clinicians about hypothetical mechanical response of the ventricle based on the degree of pre-operative RVOTO.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3339-3348
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of biomedical engineering
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Biomechanical modeling
  • Myocardial contractility
  • Valve replacement
  • Valvular heart disease
  • Ventricular overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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